History of Puerto Rico

d5b4bd520709efac08c59604e41dae7cPuerto Rico is Spanish for “Rich Port” and is the largest insular territory of the USA and is located in the Caribbean Sea. The main Island population is approximately 3.4 million. It was originally populated by aboriginal people, but was claimed by Christopher Columbus in 1493 for the Kingdom of Spain. Then later it endured invasions from the french British and Dutch. In 1898, ¬†after the Spanish American war, the United States annexed it . Puerto Ricans are natural born citizens of the United States, however they do not have the right to vote for the president of the United States. However, they have the approval from Congress to elect a governor.

Ancient history known today as Puerto Rico is not really known. They, however, found Aztec artifacts that show early people did live there. In 1990, archaeologists found a man and named him the Puerto Ferro man, which was dated back to 2000 BC. The Ortoiroid were a culture that arrived on the island somewhere between 430 and 250 BC. Between 7th and 11th centuries, the Tanio culture became dominated on the island.

At the time that Columbus arrived, it was estimated that 30,000 to 60.000 Tanios inhabited the island.¬†They called it Boriken, which means “The great-land of the noble Lord.” They lived in villages and subsided by fishing and looking for fruit. When Columbus arrived on his second voyage in 1493, he brought with him a letter from King Ferdin and that was empowered by a papal bull that gave him authorization to take any course necessary for expansion. He later served as the Governor and eventually traders and visitors came to the island and got its name Puerto Rico. San Juan soon became the name of the main shipping port. At the start of the 16th century, Spanish people came to make colony’s on the island, despite laws and other decrees. The Taino Indians were forced into labor in the early years. The population suffered from epidemics of infectious diseases.